Barranjoey Head

Built of the attractive Hawkesbury Sandstone at Barranjoey Head on the outer reaches of suburban Sydney, the preservation of the Barranjoey Lighthouse and cottages has been a battle against bureaucracy, the elements and vandals.


The Barranjoey Lighthouse was the third light on the headland and was designed by James Barnett. It was completed in 1881.

A customs station was established in 1843 as the Headland marked the entrance to Broken Bay and the Pittwater which were considered to be the backdoor of Sydney for smugglers.

The first report of any light on the headland was in 1855 when a fire was raised in a basket to assist mariners during stormy weather. Broken Bay and the Pittwater were a safe haven in storms for vessels carrying coal from Newcastle to Sydney.

Later, in 1868, two wooden lighthouses know as the Stewart Towers, were built at either end of the headland to guide ships in.

The need for a more permanent light lead to the construction of the current lighthouse. The tower is unpainted and built of the very aesthetic local sandstone.

The original apparatus in the new tower was a fixed red dioptric of 700 candlepower with four oil wick burners.

continued below …

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Title Address Description
Norah Head
40 Bush St, Norah Head NSW 2263, AustraliaGo to Norah Head
Norah Head
Norah Head, Noraville NSW 2263, AustraliaGo to Norah Head
Hornby Lighthouse
S Head Heritage Trail, Watsons Bay NSW 2030, AustraliaGo to Hornby Lighthouse
Macquarie Lighthouse
Old South Head Rd, Vaucluse NSW 2030, AustraliaGo to Macquarie
Barranjoey Head
1199D Barrenjoey Rd, Palm Beach NSW 2108, Australia

    aacontinued from above …

It is interesting to note that when this light commenced operations in 1881, the first keepers were George Mulhall and his son, who had also tended the lamps of the wooden Stewart Towers.

In 1900, an explosion followed by a fire destroyed the ornamental roof of the adjacent oil house. Fortunately it was subdued before reaching the tower.

In 1932, the Barranjoey Lighthouse was converted to automatic operation and demanned with the installation of an acetylene gas apparatus. A new character of group flashing white with an intensity of 6,000 candlepower was introduced. It was switched on and off by a Dalen Sun Valve. 

Even though the acetylene gas apparatus was efficient, access to the tower for re-supply caused problems and in 1972 the light was converted to electric operation using a 120v 1,000 watt bi-post lamp supplied by mains power with diesel generator back up. Incandescent lamps have now been replaced at Barrenjoey with the conversion of the lightsource from a 12v 100 watt halogen lamp to a 24 element ( 8 x 3 ) LED array in February 2020. 

The Sealite SL-LED-216 light source and Universal Lighthouse LED controller are manufactured by Sealite Australia under licence from Trinity House (UK). The installation was designed and completed by Solar Technology Australia.

Preservation Issues

Control of the lighthouse reserve was passed to the NSW Parks and Wildlife Service in 1997 with the lighthouse and cottages transferred to the state of NSW in 1998.

The late Jervis Sparks, a former long time resident of one of the cottages, authored the book “Tales From Barranjoey” while both Jervis and his partner Bridget operated the Barranjoey Historical Resources Centre and undertook voluntary guide work for the National Parks and Wildlife Service as part of the Chase Alive program. Unfortunately as a result, Jervis and Bridget Sparks, who had dedicated 30 years to researching and looking after Barranjoey and its lighthouse lost their fight to stay there in a court battle that ended in 1998.

Despite the controversy of the eviction of the long standing tenants Parks and Wildlife are to be commended in there approach to restoration and utilisation of the Barranjoey Lightstation.

A vindication of this is that despite a painful parting from Barranjoey, Jervis Sparks has assisted in providing background material and advice in its restoration.

Spelling of Barranjoey name

The correct spelling of the name of the Barra(e)njoey Lighthouse is something for which there is no definitive answer. The original plans for the lighthouse spell it as ‘Barrenjuey’, but when the lightstation came under the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth Lighthouse Service, it was officially known as the ‘Barranjoey Lighthouse’. The Geographical Names Act of 1966 decreed it should be spelt ‘Barrenjoey Lighthouse’, and this spelling tends to be the most popular usage today.

However, as this website page is about the lightstation itself, which is referred to as ‘Barranjoey’ in most official lighthouse documentation & literature, Lighthouses of Australia Inc has decided to use this spelling, whilst acknowledging that the other variations exist.


We need your help in compiling a list of keepers for this lighthouse. If you have any information then send it to

Please include this lighthouse’s name, the keepers full name and what years they were keepers. Also include the same information for any other lights they were on.

Technical Details

First Exhibited1855
Permanent Tower1868
Current Tower1881
LocationLat. 33° 35'S, Long. 151° 20'E
Original OpticIn use
Current OpticChance Bros 700mm (2th order) fixed
ConstructionNepean sandstone
Range19 NM
CharacterFl. Grp (4) W 20s
Intensity75,000 cd
Light SourceSealite SL216 LED array
Power SourceMains with battery back up
OperatorTransport NSW Maritime Services
CustodianNSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
NotesLight source converted to LED array Feb 20

  NB: Information is historical data and is not for navigational purposes.


The grounds are open from sunrise to sunset. it is about a 30 minute walk from the carpark to the lighthouse. A fee may apply.



Every Sunday, 11am–3pm (except on Christmas Eve, New Years Eve and during extreme weather conditions). Tour takes 30 mins.




A small museum is in the base of the tower.



  • Barrenjoey Head – Roxford Bree
  • Dirk Selderyk
  • 4Cs Enterprises for photographs
  • Ian Clifford for photographs
  • Annette Flotwell for photograph
  • Ed Kavaliunas for photograph
  • Grant Maizels for photographs
  • Kristie Eggleston for photograph
  • Winton Irving for photographs
  • Winsome Bonham for photograph
  • Jervis Sparks for photograph
  • Brian Lord
  • From Dusk Till Dawn by Gordon Reid