Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse
On the most Southern Westerly tip of Australia, where the Indian and Southern Oceans meet, stands Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse as a solitary sentinel.
It was totally manually operated until 1982 by a clockwork mechanism & kero burner, one of the last in the world.
Built from 1895 to 1896 the tower and cottages are built of local limestone.
The Cape Leeuwin Light was first mooted in 1881, but took 15 years to eventuate.
Disputes raged over the best site for the lighthouse. Also, until the Kalgoorlie-Coolgardie gold rushes Western Australia was the poorest State, and with no assistance from the Eastern States, it was unable to proceed with a project of this size.
Further delays occurred when it was found the the initial test bores that showed bedrock at 2.5 metres had only found a rock shelf and it was then necessary to excavate to 6.7 metres.
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The original 1895 plan included two lights. The present high white light tower and in front of it, a low red light tower. Although the foundations for this low tower were completed, the structure was never built because it was considered that a second light would cause confusion and draw ships closer to the Cape.
Almost as famous is the waterwheel and wooden flume constructed to bring fresh spring water to the lighthouse from a distance away.
It has been calcified by the minerals and salts reminiscent of a limestone area known for its huge caves.
The original light source was kerosene wick lamp, then the world’s largest, revolving in mercury bath.
This light had an intensity of 250,000 candelas and was visible for 40km.
In 1925, the light was upgraded to vapourised kerosene with a mantle, giving a light intensity of 780,000 candelas.
In 1955, a radio beacon was installed.ï¦¯nt>
The light was totally manually operated until 1982 when it was converted to electricity replacing the clockwork mechanism & kero burner, one of the last in the world. The new 1,000 watt halogen lamp increased the candelas to 1,000,000.
This light was automated in September 1992.
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|Location||Lat: 34° 22.4900’ S Long: 115° 08.1800’ E|
|Current Optic||Chance Bros. 920 mm focal radius|
|Construction||White round masonary tower with white Chance Bros. 12'0''dia. lantern with curved glazings|
|Range||Nominal: 26 nm Geographical: 20 nm|
|Character||Fl. W. 7.5 secs|
|Light Source||120V, 1000W TH 3000hr|
|Power Source||240V AC|
|Notes||As at Sept 2015|
NB: Information is historical data and is not for navigational purposes.
The tower is not open to the public.
The lighthouse grounds are open all year round.
No tours are available.
No lighthouse accommodation is available
Detail to come.
There is no Friends Group
Detail to come.
Detail to come.
- Detail to come