Cape Byron Lighthouse

The Cape Byron Lighthouse is Australia’s most easterly light being situated on the most easterly point of the mainland.  It is also Australia’s most powerful Lighthouse.


Constructed of prefabricated concrete blocks in 1901, the Cape Byron Lighthouse stands on the most easterly point of the Australian mainland and is Australia’s most easterly lighthouse.

Built by James Barnet’s successor, Charles Harding. James Barnet, the New South Wales colonial architect, was renown for his towers having large ornate balconies and are easily distinguished.

The first-order optical lens, which weighs 8 tons, was made by the French company, Societe des Establishment, Henry Lepaute, Paris. It contains 760 pieces of highly polished prismatic glass.

The original concentric six wick burner was 145,000 cd. This was replaced in 1922 by a vapourised kerosene mantle burner which gave an illumination of 500,000 cd.

In 1956, the light became Australia’s most powerful, at 2,200,00 cd when it was converted to mains electricity.  At the same time the clock mechanism was replaced by an electric motor.

An auxiliary fixed red light is also exhibited from the tower to cover Juan and Julian Rocks to the north east.

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© All images are copyright of their respective photographers and are not to be used without permission.

Title Address Description
Fingal Head
1B Lighthouse Parade, Fingal Head NSW 2487, AustraliaFingal Head
Cape Byron
Cape Byron Walking Track, Byron Bay NSW 2481, AustraliaCape Byron
Richmond River
6 Harbourview St, East Ballina NSW 2478, AustraliaRichmond River

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A great banquet was arranged for the opening in 1901 and many dignitaries, including the NSW Premier of the day John See, were invited.  However due to adverse weather conditions the premiers ship was delayed until the following day and the banquet was held without him.  The opening by the Premier took place a day late on the Sunday.

It is interesting to note that Cape Byron was named by Captain Cook after John Byron, grandfather of the famous poet.

Preservation Issues

The ownership of the reserve was handed over to the Parks and Wildlife Service of New South Wales in 1998.  The reserve was already under a lease to the Cape Byron Headland Reserve Trust who maintain and secure the site and buildings. It is currently used as a base for whale watching.


We need your help in compiling a list of keepers for this lighthouse. If you have any information then send it to

Please include this lighthouse’s name, the keepers full name and what years they were keepers. Also include the same information for any other lights they were on.

Technical Details

Main Optic920mm 2 panel on mercury float.
Societe des Establishment, Henry Lepaute, Paris
Aux OpticTideland ML300, Red Lens Fitted
LocationLat. 028° 38.4' S. Long. 153° 38.1' E
ConstructionConcrete Blocks
Range27 NM
CharacterMain: Flashing White (1) 15 secs
Aux: Fixed Red 148-189 deg
IntensityMain: 2,060,000 cd
Aux: 600 cd
Light SourceMain: Sealite SL324 LED array
Aux: 12 volt 35 Watt halogen
Power SourceMains Power, battery backup.
NotesOriginal Chance Bros 4th order aux optic on display in base of tower
Current as ofMay 2018
  NB: Information is historical data and is not for navigational purposes.


Cape Byron Lighthouse is 2km east of the Byron Bay town centre. Parking is available at the lighthouse but spaces are limited. There is a park entry fee for vehicles

Site Access

There is a park Entry Fee for vehicles


A private tour option is available with prior booking.

A virtual tour is available from Google Street View Trekker


The heritage-listed Assistant Lighthouse Keepers’ Cottages at Byron Bay is available for a weekend getaway or longer holiday.


The Maritime Museum in the former Lighthouse Keeper’s office at the base of the lighthouse is open 10am to 4pm daily. The Museum also displays images and artefacts from the days when Byron Bay was a venue for whale hunting rather than whale watching. A team of dedicated volunteers staff the museum 7 days a week.

Friends Group

Looking for volunteer work with a view? If you’ve got a minimum of 3 hours a week to spare, come and be part of a friendly team at Cape Byron. Lead guided tours of the museum and lighthouse and share the area’s fascinating maritime history with visitors.

Cape Byron Lighthouse Friends and Volunteers Facebook page


  • Cape Byron – Roxford Bree
  • 4Cs Enterprises for Photographs
  • Annette Flotwell for Photograph
  • Brian Lord for Photographs
  • Cyril Curtain for Photographs
  • Erik for Photographs
  • Winsome Bonham for Photographs
  • AMSA Brochure
  • Brian Lord
  • From Dusk Till Dawn by Gordon Reid