Cape Forestier (Lemon Rock) Lighthouse
One of the very first lights built by the fledgling Commonwealth Lighthouse Service after it came into being in 1915 was erected in Tasmania on precipitous Lemon Rock, off Cape Forestier. The Lemon Rock light was one of only a few lights which were just a lantern, without the usual lighthouse tower.
In a letter to the Consolidated Light Board of Tasmania in April 1907, Captain J.L.B. Hunter, Master of the S.S. Durham, said that there were not sufficient lights on the East Coast of Tasmania. In his opinion, he said, “there should be a light in the vicinity of Cape Forestier, as it would be a great boon to vessels coming from Tasmania.” In fact, a light at this location had been one of the recommendations by Commander C.R.W. Brewis, R.N., in his Preliminary Report on the Lighting of the Coast of Tasmania and the Islands in Bass Strait to the Commonwealth Government in April 1912. At that time, he said that the ratio of lights per coastal mileage was one light to each 62.5 miles, whereas he recommended this be increased to one light for each 47.6 miles.
It was not until May 1914 that provision was made for lighthouse works for the financial year 1914-15. Lemon Rock, the site of the light at Cape Forestier, is a very small granite islet, about 80 metres high, connected to Cape Forestier by rocks which are submerged at high tide. Although never surveyed, the rock is about 1 acre in size, steep-sided and roughly dome-shaped. Vegetation is sparse, being confined to low costal scrub on the more sheltered ledges.
There was a lot of confusion over the light’s actual name. Located on top of Lemon Rock, the light was officially known as the Cape Forestier light but was known, locally, as ‘The Lemons’ while the Cape is variously spelt Forestier, Forester or Forrestier.
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|Blinking Billy Point Reserve, 652 Sandy Bay Rd, Sandy Bay TAS 7005, Australia||Blinking Billy|
John Garrow Shoal
|Blinking Billy Point Reserve, 652 Sandy Bay Rd, Sandy Bay TAS 7005, Australia||John Garrow Shoal|
Derwent Lighthouse Iron Pot
|Iron Pot, Tasmania, Australia||Derwent Lighthouse Iron Pot|
|Tasman Island, Tasmania, Australia||Tasman Island|
|Cape Bruny Lighthouse Tours, Lighthouse Rd, South Bruny TAS 7150, Australia||Cape Bruny|
|Unnamed Road, Tasmania, Australia||Maatsuyker Island|
|Unnamed Road, Macquarie Heads TAS 7468, Australia||Cape Sorell|
|Unnamed Road, Macquarie Heads TAS 7468, Australia||Entrance Island|
|Macquarie Harbour,, TAS, Australia||Bonnet Island|
Bluff Hill Point
|Bluff Hill Rd, Marrawah TAS 7330, Australia||Bluff Hill Point|
|Unnamed Road, Marrawah TAS 7330, Australia||West Point|
|Unnamed Road, West Coast TAS 7321, Australia||Sandy Cape|
|Unnamed Road, Surprise Bay TAS 7256, Australia||Stokes Point|
|LOT 1 Lighthouse St, Currie TAS 7256, Australia||Currie Harbour|
|687 Cape Wickham Rd, Wickham TAS 7256, Australia||Cape Wickham|
|Councillor Island, Tasmania, Australia||Councillor Island|
|Unnamed Road, Stanley TAS 7331, Australia||Highfield Point|
Highfield Point Old
|Marine Park, 14 Wharf Rd, Stanley TAS 7331, Australia||Highfield Point Old|
|Rocky Cape Rd, Rocky Cape TAS 7321, Australia||Rocky Cape|
|Lighthouse Rd, Table Cape TAS 7325, Australia||Table Cape|
Round Hill Point
|Chasm Creek Lighthouse, 1A Bass Hwy, Chasm Creek TAS 7321, Australia||Round Hill Point|
|39 Bluff Access Rd, Devonport TAS 7310, Australia||Mersey Bluff|
Devonport Leading Lights
|6 Victoria Parade, Devonport TAS 7310, Australia||Devonport Leading Lights|
Devonport Leading Lights
|26 Best St, Devonport TAS 7310, Australia||Devonport Leading Lights|
|496 Low Head Rd, Low Head TAS 7253, Australia||Low Head|
Middle Channel (Tamar Rear Leading Light)
|180 Low Head Rd, Low Head TAS 7253, Australia||Middle Channel (Tamar Rear Leading Light)|
Sheoak Point (Tamar Front Leading Light)
|199 Low Head Rd, Low Head TAS 7253, Australia||Sheoak Point (Tamar Front Leading Light)|
|Unnamed Road, Tasmania, Australia||Swan Island|
|Flinders, TAS, Australia||Goose Island|
|Eddystone Light Station, 2986 Eddystone Point Rd, Eddystone TAS 7264, Australia||Eddystone Point|
|Unnamed Road, Tasmania 7255, Australia||Deal Island|
South East Point (Wilsons Promontory)
|Wilsons Promontory, VIC 3960, Australia||South East Point (Wilsons Promontory)|
|Cape Tourville Rd, Coles Bay TAS 7215, Australia||Cape Tourville|
Cape Forestier (Lemon Rock)
|Freycinet National Park, Coles Bay Rd, Coles Bay TAS 7215, Australia||Cape Forestier (Lemon Rock)|
|Unnamed Road, Triabunna TAS 7190, Australia||Point Home|
Access to the rock was extremely weather dependent with a ladder up the near vertical face of the rock. Supplies such as acetylene gas cylinders were hauled to the top by a flying-fox system.
When first lit on Friday 5 October, 1917, the Group Flashing white light with a Red sector was powered by a bank of 28 acetylene gas cylinders, the white light visible for 20 miles and red, 10 miles.
Because of the extreme difficulty of access, the light was discontinued in May 1971. The Lemon Rock lantern, manufactured by Chance Brothers of Birmingham, England was dismantled and put in storage at the Tasmanian Maritime Museum in 2012 but was returned to AMSA the same year. It is now with the Queensland Maritime Museum in Brisbane which hopes to eventually put it on display.
A replacement lighthouse was built at Cape Tourville, just north of Lemon Rock.
This light was never manned.
|First Exhibited||5 October 1917|
|Permanent Tower||7'1" dia. Chance Bros lantern, no tower|
|Status||No longer in situ|
|Location||Lat. 42° 11'S, Long. 148° 230'E|
|Original Optic||400 mm Focal Radius AGA lens|
|Automated||Built as an automated light|
|Range||W. Nom: 13 NM Geo: 23 NM|
|Character||Grp Fl. (4) W.R. every 20 secs|
|Intensity||W. 4500 candela R. 1100 candela|
|Power Source||Acetylene 23 A50 plus 26 spare changed annually|
|Current when discontinued||3 May 1971|